Biriyani, a spicy chicken and rice dish, is one of the most well-known Indian-Pakistani dishes.

Prep Time:
15 mins
Cook Time:
55 mins
Total Time:
1 hrs 10 mins


  • 2 ½ tablespoons olive oil

  • 3 tablespoons plain yogurt

  • 2 tablespoons distilled white vinegar

  • 1 medium onion, sliced

  • 2 medium tomatoes, chopped

  • 2 small green chile peppers

  • 2 cloves garlic, crushed

  • 1 tablespoon ginger paste

  • 2 tablespoons garam masala

  • 1 tablespoon dried mint

  • salt and pepper to taste

  • 5 sprigs cilantro

  • 1 (3 pound) whole chicken, skin removed and cut into pieces

  • 2 quarts water

  • 4 cups uncooked basmati rice

  • 1 cinnamon stick

  • 1 bay leaf

  • 4 pods green cardamom

  • 1 pod black cardamom

  • ¼ teaspoon powdered yellow food coloring


  1. Heat olive oil in a large skillet over medium heat. Stir in yogurt and vinegar. Add onion; cook and stir until golden and tender. Add tomatoes, chile peppers, garlic, and ginger paste. Cook and stir until tomatoes are tender. Season with garam masala, mint, salt, and pepper. Stir in cilantro.

  2. Place chicken into tomato-onion mixture in the skillet. Reduce heat to medium-low, cover, and continue cooking, stirring occasionally, until chicken is no longer pink in the center and the juices run clear, about 45 minutes. An instant-read thermometer inserted into meat should read at least 165 degrees F (74 degrees C).

  3. Meanwhile, bring water and rice to a boil in a large pot. Mix in cinnamon stick, bay leaf, green cardamom, and black cardamom. Season with salt. Cover, reduce heat to low, and simmer until rice is tender and water is absorbed, about 20 minutes. Discard cinnamon stick, bay leaf, and cardamom.

  4. Spread 1/2 of the cooked rice in the bottom of a large serving dish. Pour chicken mixture on top. Cover with remaining cooked rice. Sprinkle with food coloring; mix to serve.


You can find powdered yellow food coloring, frequently used in Indian dishes and generally turmeric-based, at Indian food stores or food specialty shops.

Nutrition Facts (per serving)

395 Calories
11g Fat
56g Carbs
16g Protein
Nutrition Facts
Servings Per Recipe 12
Calories 395
% Daily Value *
Total Fat 11g 14%
Saturated Fat 3g 13%
Cholesterol 31mg 10%
Sodium 43mg 2%
Total Carbohydrate 56g 20%
Dietary Fiber 2g 7%
Total Sugars 2g
Protein 16g
Vitamin C 23mg 114%
Calcium 54mg 4%
Iron 3mg 18%
Potassium 257mg 5%

* Percent Daily Values are based on a 2,000 calorie diet. Your daily values may be higher or lower depending on your calorie needs.

** Nutrient information is not available for all ingredients. Amount is based on available nutrient data.

(-) Information is not currently available for this nutrient. If you are following a medically restrictive diet, please consult your doctor or registered dietitian before preparing this recipe for personal consumption.

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