Persian Celery Sauce (Khoreshe Karafs)
Melt 1/4 cup butter in a stockpot over medium heat. Add beef, onion, nutmeg, cinnamon, salt, and pepper; cook and stir until meat is evenly browned, 7 to 10 minutes. Add water, cover, and cook until meat is tender, about 30 minutes.Advertisement
Heat olive oil and remaining butter in a skillet over medium heat. Add lima beans, celery, fennel, parsley, and lemon juice; cook and stir until lima beans have softened, about 15 minutes. Stir lima bean mixture into beef mixture; reduce heat to low and cook until thickened, adding water as needed, about 20 minutes.
For a vegetarian version of this dish: melt 1/4 cup butter and olive oil in a large skillet. Add fennel, onion, celery, and lima beans; cook and stir until soft, about 20 minutes. Add parsley, cinnamon, nutmeg, and lemon juice; cook over low heat until sauce consistency forms, adding water as needed, about 20 minutes more.
An excellent alternative to serving this dish over rice is to add red quinoa to the dish (along with the appropriate amount of water).