Afghan Sweet Bread (Roht)


Although roht is technically a sweet bread, in my family it is made more like a cookie. This is my aunt's recipe, which is very simple and easy. Enjoy with tea.

Prep Time:
20 mins
Cook Time:
20 mins
Total Time:
40 mins
1 11x13-inch baking dish


  • 3 cups all-purpose flour, plus more for dusting

  • 1 ½ teaspoons baking powder

  • 1 ½ teaspoons ground cardamom

  • 1 pinch salt

  • 2 eggs

  • 1 cup unsalted butter, softened

  • 1 cup white sugar

  • 1 teaspoon nigella seeds (Optional)


  1. Preheat oven to 375 degrees F (190 degrees C). Grease one 11x13-inch rectangular baking dish.

  2. Whisk flour, baking powder, cardamom, and salt together in a bowl.

  3. Whisk eggs together in a small bowl. Discard 1/4 of the egg mixture. Combine remaining egg mixture, butter, and sugar in a large bowl; beat with an electric mixer on medium speed until smooth, about 3 minutes. Fold the flour mixture into the egg mixture slowly. Beat briefly on low speed just until dough comes together.

  4. Transfer dough to the baking dish. Dust your hands with flour and pat dough into an even layer about 3/4-inch thick. Prick dough in several places with a fork and sprinkle the nigella seeds evenly on top.

  5. Bake in the preheated oven until lightly golden, 20 to 25 minutes. Remove from the oven and run a knife around the edges to loosen it from the pan; cut roht into squares while still warm. Let cool.

Editor's Notes:

Nigella seeds are small, black seeds that have a nutty, mild onion flavor. Also known as "Kalonji," they are used as a spice in Asian cooking.

Nutrition data for this recipe includes the full amount of egg. The actual amount of egg consumed will vary.

Nutrition Facts (per serving)

393 Calories
20g Fat
49g Carbs
5g Protein
Nutrition Facts
Servings Per Recipe 10
Calories 393
% Daily Value *
Total Fat 20g 25%
Saturated Fat 12g 60%
Cholesterol 86mg 29%
Sodium 87mg 4%
Total Carbohydrate 49g 18%
Dietary Fiber 1g 4%
Total Sugars 20g
Protein 5g
Vitamin C 0mg 1%
Calcium 51mg 4%
Iron 2mg 12%
Potassium 66mg 1%

* Percent Daily Values are based on a 2,000 calorie diet. Your daily values may be higher or lower depending on your calorie needs.

** Nutrient information is not available for all ingredients. Amount is based on available nutrient data.

(-) Information is not currently available for this nutrient. If you are following a medically restrictive diet, please consult your doctor or registered dietitian before preparing this recipe for personal consumption.

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