Gluten-Free Chicken and Sausage Gumbo


I modified my mother's chicken and sausage gumbo recipe to make it gluten-free. Good gumbo is hard to find for my friend with a wheat allergy. The wheat flour roux is the key ingredient for any gumbo. After experimenting with a few gluten-free alternatives, I find that a light brown millet flour roux thickens the gumbo and gives an excellent taste nearly equal to wheat flour. Most people won't notice the difference.

Prep Time:
20 mins
Cook Time:
2 hrs 20 mins
Total Time:
2 hrs 40 mins
12 servings


  • 1 (3 pound) whole chicken, or more to taste

  • 6 cups water, or more as needed

  • 1 cup millet flour

  • ¾ cup vegetable oil

  • 1 white onion, chopped

  • 1 green bell pepper, chopped

  • 3 cloves garlic, chopped

  • 1 pound andouille sausage, cut into bite-size pieces

  • 3 stalks celery, chopped

  • ½ cup chopped green onion

  • 3 bay leaves

  • 2 teaspoons salt

  • ¼ teaspoon dried thyme

  • ¼ teaspoon cayenne pepper

  • 1 tablespoon file powder


  1. Place chicken in a 6- to 8-quart stockpot and pour in enough water to completely cover the chicken; bring to a boil, reduce heat to medium, and simmer until chicken is no longer pink at the bone and juices run clear, about 1 hour. An instant-read thermometer inserted into the thickest part of the thigh, near the bone should read 165 degrees F (74 degrees C).

  2. Remove chicken from water and place on a work surface to cool, retaining the resulting chicken stock in the stockpot.

  3. Cook and stir millet flour and vegetable oil together in a large frying pan or skillet over medium heat until roux is smooth and slightly darker than peanut butter, about 10 minutes.

  4. Mix onion, green bell pepper, and garlic into roux; cook and stir over low heat until fragrant, 2 to 3 minutes. Transfer onion-roux mixture to stockpot with chicken stock.

  5. Bring chicken stock mixture to a simmer over medium heat; add andouille sausage, celery, green onion, bay leaves, salt, thyme, and cayenne pepper and simmer for 1 hour.

  6. Remove skin from cooked chicken and discard. Pull meat from the bones and chop into bite-size pieces; discard carcass. Add chicken meat to broth mixture and simmer until chicken is heated through, 5 to 10 minutes.

  7. Remove stockpot from heat, stir file powder into gumbo, and remove and discard bay leaves.

Cook's Note:

The resulting gluten-free roux is not as thick and dark as the typical chocolate roux used in gumbo.

The gumbo should be served over steamed rice that has salt and butter added to taste. It is delicious immediately, but is even better reheated the next day.

Nutrition Facts (per serving)

438 Calories
33g Fat
12g Carbs
22g Protein
Nutrition Facts
Servings Per Recipe 12
Calories 438
% Daily Value *
Total Fat 33g 43%
Saturated Fat 8g 39%
Cholesterol 72mg 24%
Sodium 788mg 34%
Total Carbohydrate 12g 4%
Dietary Fiber 2g 6%
Total Sugars 1g
Protein 22g
Vitamin C 10mg 50%
Calcium 29mg 2%
Iron 2mg 13%
Potassium 297mg 6%

* Percent Daily Values are based on a 2,000 calorie diet. Your daily values may be higher or lower depending on your calorie needs.

** Nutrient information is not available for all ingredients. Amount is based on available nutrient data.

(-) Information is not currently available for this nutrient. If you are following a medically restrictive diet, please consult your doctor or registered dietitian before preparing this recipe for personal consumption.

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