This heart-healthy fish takes to all different types of cooking methods.

By Carl Hanson
Updated September 02, 2020
Each product we feature has been independently selected and reviewed by our editorial team. If you make a purchase using the links included, we may earn commission.
Advertisement

Yes, salmon hits the dinner-time trifecta. Delicious and easy to prepare, salmon is also good for you. It's a fatty fish with plenty of heart-healthy omega-3 fatty acids, plus protein and an abundance of vitamins, including B vitamins, and the antioxidant vitamin E. To find out the difference between fresh and farmed salmon, check out Fresh Salmon Vs. Farmed Salmon: What's the Difference?

And versatile? You bet. Salmon is tasty baked, broiled, or tossed on the grill; smoked, poached, or cast into stews; fashioned into fish cakes and burgers, added to salads, or whipped up into dips and spreads. Salmon does it all. So let's get to it!

How to Pick Fresh Salmon

Fresh salmon should never smell fishy. The flesh should be bright and moist and not discolored along the edges. If you're buying a whole salmon, its eyes should be bright and clear; the skin should be silvery, shiny, and resilient to the touch.

7 Ways to Cook Salmon

1. How to Pan-Fry Salmon

Salmon in skillet with a nice sear
| Credit: Meredith

A terrific method for salmon fillets, it's quick and easy and develops a crispy, crunchy skin, too. In its simplest form, pan-fried salmon is simply salt-and-pepper seasoned fish, a little butter or olive oil, and a hot skillet over medium-high flames. Here's how:

Start skin-side up in the hot skillet with a little butter or oil. Don't touch it. Let the fillet sizzle for about 5 or 6 minutes. Then slip a wide spatula underneath the salmon, turn it, and cook skin-side down for about 3 minutes. A little squeeze of lemon, and you're golden.

Sautéed salmon fillets are a secret weapon for fast weeknight dinners. Here are several salmon fillet meals that are ready in less than 30 minutes:

Tip: If you find a good deal on flash-frozen wild salmon fillets, buy a bunch; store them in your freezer, and thaw them during the work week for quick meals. No time to thaw? Here are tips on how to cook with frozen seafood.

2. How to Cook Salmon in the Oven

A quick, no-nonsense way to cook salmon is oven roasting. And if you're cooking for a group, it's easier to fit several fillets or salmon steaks in a baking dish or sheet than a skillet. Here's a basic roasting method:

Season salmon with a little salt and pepper, and place skin-side down in a lightly greased baking dish or sheet pan; then bake in the oven at 400 degrees F for about 12 to 15 minutes. No need to flip the fish. Give some of these top-rated recipes a try:

For more top-rated recipes, check out The Best Healthy Baked Salmon Recipes.

3. How to Broil Salmon

Testing the flake
| Credit: Meredith

So quick, it's the don't-stray-from-the-kitchen method.

  1. Turn the oven to broil, and place seasoned fish on a sheet pan or untreated cedar plank ($20; Amazon) soaked in water.
  2. Slide it onto the top rack of the oven under a red-hot-glowing broiler -- about 3 inches from the heat source.
  3. Check the fish after 3 minutes. If it's done on the outside but you like it slightly more well done in the center, turn the broiler off and let the salmon sit in the oven for a few more minutes.

Related: Browse our entire collection of Broiled Salmon Recipes.

4. How to Take Salmon From Skillet to Oven

Can't decide between stovetop or oven-roasted salmon? Do both.

  1. Start with the salmon in an oven-proof skillet -- this time skin-side down; sizzle it for about 3 minutes in olive oil or butter.
  2. Then transfer it to a lowish-heat oven, about 275 degrees F, and cook for about 20 minutes.
  3. Now it's back to the stovetop for the final crisping! Give it some high heat for about 3 minutes until the skin is crispy. If time is of the essence, you can raise the oven temp to 400 degrees F for the roasting phase, and cook it for about 10 minutes in the oven.

5. How to Grill Salmon

Pictured: Grilled Salmon with Simple Sauce
| Credit: Meredith

Can you handle yet another simple way to cook salmon? Grilling. It's not just for summer anymore. The smoky flavor it imparts on salmon fillets and steaks is a serious bonus. Grilling also makes for quick clean-up work. So unless the grill is buried under 6 feet of snow, consider it in the fall, winter, and spring. Here's how:

  1. Start with hot coals, and place a lightly oiled fish skin-side down on the grate.
  2. Give it a flip after 5 minutes. To turn, slide a spatula beneath the fish; if the flesh is sticking to the grate, let it go another minute or two, then try again.
  3. Cook the flipped salmon for another 5 minutes and check for doneness.

6. How to Poach Salmon

Poaching Salmon
| Credit: Meredith

Don't want the added calories of cooking fats? Poaching is a fat-free cooking method. It's also a great way to go when you're planning on saucing your salmon -- or are turning fresh salmon into salmon cakes.

A basic poach involves fish fillets simmered in water flavored with a pinch of salt, a few whole peppercorns, maybe a bay leaf. There's not much to it.

  1. Add enough water (white wine or chicken stock also work) to cover the fillet.
  2. For a gentle poach, bring the water or other liquid to a simmer, then slide the fish in, and cover the pan.
  3. Turn the heat off, and let the salmon cook gently for about 25 minutes.

Recipes to Try:

7. How to Cook Salmon in Parchment

Salmon in parchment
| Credit: Meredith

We could also call this salmon en papillote, but we'd have to charge a dollar more. It sounds elegant, but en pappillote is just French for "wrapped up in parchment." Regular old foil, it should be noted, works fine, too. It's a baking method that uses steam to cook a perfectly moist salmon.

  1. To cook your salmon in parchment, add the fish, along with seasonings (say, dill) and flavorings (lemon slices, perhaps), to parchment or foil.
  2. Close the parchment around the goodies, and bake in a 400 degree oven for about 12 to 15 minutes.

Recipes to Try:

Sauces to Pair With Salmon

  1. Basic Beurre Blanc | This wine, cream, and shallot reduction sauce is finished with butter.
  2. Bearnaise Sauce II | A simple cream, wine vinegar, and tarragon sauce, it takes just 10 minutes to make.
  3. Basil Cream Sauce | Essentially a pesto sauce simmered with a little cream.

More Ideas for Salmon

How to Home Cure Salmon

VIDEO: Chef John's Quick Cured Salmon

Here's a simple technique for homemade cured salmon. The brine requires just 3 ingredients: water, loads of kosher salt, and sugar.

Soak slices of center-cut salmon fillet (sliced to about 1/4-inch thick) in the brine for 3 minutes, pat the fish dry, and put it in the fridge to firm up. That's all there is to it. To the basic brine, you can add smoked salt, smoked paprika, or chipotle, if you like, to give it more of a smoked flavor.

Cooking With Canned Salmon

Pictured: Mom's Salmon Mousse
| Credit: lutzflcat

Don't think you're cheating when you cook with canned salmon. There are at least 7 benefits to canned salmon -- among them: canned stays fresh longer, is typically cheaper, and has the same nutritional value as fresh salmon. Canned salmon is also super easy to work with. Browse our entire collection of Canned Salon Recipes.

How to Store Salmon

Fresh salmon is best when eaten the same day you buy it. But it will stay for a day or two tightly wrapped in plastic and stored in the coldest part of the fridge.

You can freeze salmon for up to 6 months. To thaw, take it from freezer to fridge the night before you intend to eat it. Or if time is an issue, submerge fillets in cool water; frozen fillets should be completely thawed in about an hour or two. Never thaw salmon at room temperature because bacteria can build up in the thawed outer portions even as the center remains frozen.

Check out our collection of Salmon Recipes.

Related: