By Allrecipes Editors

Out of baking powder? Make your own with our substitutions guide.

Photo by Meredith

Ingredient

Amount

Substitution

Allspice

1 teaspoon

1/2 teaspoon cinnamon, 1/4 teaspoon ginger, and 1/4 teaspoon cloves

Arrowroot starch

1 teaspoon

1 tablespoon flour 

OR 1 teaspoon cornstarch

Baking mix

1 cup

1 cup pancake mix OR 1 cup Easy Biscuit Mixture

Baking powder

1 teaspoon

1/4 teaspoon baking soda plus 1/2 teaspoon cream of tartar OR 1/4 teaspoon baking soda plus 1/2 cup buttermilk (decrease liquid in recipe by 1/2 cup)

Baking soda

1 teaspoon

4 teaspoons baking powder OR 1 teaspoon potassium bicarbonate and 1/3 teaspoon salt. NOTE: If the recipe calls for an acidic liquid such as sour cream, yogurt, buttermilk, vinegar, molasses, or citrus juice, you should replace it with the same amount of whole milk

Beer

1 cup

1 cup nonalcoholic beer OR 1 cup chicken broth

Brandy

1/4 cup

1 teaspoon imitation brandy extract plus enough water to make 1/4 cup

Bread crumbs

1 cup

1 cup cracker crumbs OR 1 cup matzo meal OR 1 cup ground oats

Broth: beef or chicken

1 cup

1 bouillon cube plus 1 cup boiling water OR 1 tablespoon soy sauce plus enough water to make 1 cup OR 1 cup vegetable broth

Brown sugar

1 cup, packed

1 cup white sugar plus 1/4 cup molasses and decrease the liquid in recipe by 1/4 cup OR 1 cup white sugar OR 1 1/4 cups confectioners' sugar

Butter (salted)

1 cup

1 cup margarine OR 1 cup shortening plus 1/2 teaspoon salt OR 7/8 cup vegetable oil plus 1/2 teaspoon salt OR 7/8 cup lard plus 1/2 teaspoon salt

Butter (unsalted)

1 cup

1 cup shortening OR 7/8 cup vegetable oil OR 7/8 cup lard

Buttermilk

1 cup

1 cup yogurt OR 1 tablespoon lemon juice or vinegar plus enough milk to make 1 cup

Cheddar cheese

1 cup shredded

1 cup shredded Colby cheddar OR 1 cup shredded Monterey Jack cheese

Chervil

1 tablespoon chopped fresh

1 tablespoon chopped fresh parsley

Chicken base

1 tablespoon

1 cup canned or homemade chicken broth or stock. Reduce liquid in recipe by 1 cup

Chocolate(semisweet)

1 ounce

1 (1-ounce) square of unsweetened chocolate plus 4 teaspoons sugar OR 1 ounce semisweet chocolate chips plus 1 teaspoon shortening

Chocolate (unsweetened)

1 ounce

3 tablespoons unsweetened cocoa plus 1 tablespoon shortening or vegetable oil

Cocoa

1/4 cup

1 (1-ounce) square unsweetened chocolate

Condensed cream of mushroom soup

1 (10.75-ounce) can

1 (10.75-ounce) can condensed cream of celery, cream of chicken, or golden mushroom soup

Corn syrup

1 cup

1 1/4 cup white sugar plus 1/3 cup water OR 1 cup honey OR 1 cup light treacle syrup

Cottage cheese

1 cup

1 cup farmer's cheese OR 1 cup ricotta cheese

Cracker crumbs

1 cup

1 cup bread crumbs OR 1 cup matzo mealOR 1 cup ground oats

Cream (half and half)

1 cup

7/8 cup milk plus 1 tablespoon butter

Cream (heavy)

1 cup

1 cup evaporated milk OR 3/4 cup milk plus 1/3 cup butter

Cream (light)

1 cup

1 cup evaporated milk OR 3/4 cup milk plus 3 tablespoons butter

Cream (whipped)

1 cup

1 cup frozen whipped topping, thawed

Cream cheese

1 cup

1 cup pureed cottage cheese OR 1 cup plain yogurt, strained overnight in a cheesecloth

Cream of tartar

1 teaspoon

2 teaspoons lemon juice or vinegar

Crème fraiche

1 cup

Combine 1 cup of heavy cream and 1 tablespoon of plain yogurt. Let stand for 6 hours at room temperature

Egg

1 whole (3 tablespoons or 1.7 oz)

2 1/2 tablespoons of powdered egg substitute plus 2 1/2 tablespoons water OR 1/4 cup liquid egg substitute OR 1/4 cup silken tofu pureed OR 3 tablespoons mayonnaise OR half a banana mashed with 1/2 teaspoon baking powder OR 1 tablespoon powdered flax seed soaked in 3 tablespoons water

Evaporated milk

1 cup

1 cup light cream

Farmer's cheese

8 ounces

8 ounces dry cottage cheese OR 8 ounces creamed cottage cheese, drained

Fats for baking

1 cup

1 cup applesauce OR 1 cup fruit puree

Flour--Bread

1 cup

1 cup all-purpose flour plus 1 teaspoon wheat gluten (available at health food stores & some supermarkets)

Flour--Cake

1 cup

1 cup all-purpose flour minus 2 tablespoons

Flour--Self-Rising

1 cup

7/8 cup all-purpose flour plus 1 1/2 teaspoons baking powder and 1/2 teaspoon of salt

Garlic

1 clove

1/8 teaspoon garlic powder OR 1/2 teaspoon granulated garlic OR 1/2 teaspoon garlic salt--reduce salt in recipe

Gelatin

1 tablespoon, granulated

2 teaspoons agar agar

Ginger--dry

1 teaspoon

2 teaspoons chopped fresh ginger

Ginger--fresh

1 teaspoon, minced

1/2 teaspoon ground dried ginger

Green onion

1/2 cup , chopped

1/2 cup chopped onion OR 1/2 cup chopped leek OR 1/2 cup chopped shallots

Hazelnuts

1 cup whole

1 cup macadamia nuts OR 1 cup almonds

Herbs--fresh

1 tablespoon chopped fresh

1 teaspoon (chopped or whole leaf) dried herbs

Herring

8 ounces

8 ounces of sardines

Honey

1 cup

1 1/4 cup white sugar plus 1/3 cup water OR 1 cup corn syrup OR 1 cup light treacle syrup

Hot pepper sauce

1 teaspoon

3/4 teaspoon cayenne pepper plus 1 teaspoon vinegar

Ketchup

1 cup

1 cup tomato sauce plus 1 teaspoon vinegar plus 1 tablespoon sugar

Lard

1 cup

1 cup shortening OR 7/8 cup vegetable oil OR 1 cup butter

Lemon grass

2 fresh stalks

1 tablespoon lemon zest

Lemon juice

1 teaspoon

1/2 teaspoon vinegar OR 1 teaspoon white wine OR 1 teaspoon lime juice

Lemon zest

1 teaspoon

1/2 teaspoon lemon extract OR 2 tablespoons lemon juice

Lime juice

1 teaspoon

1 teaspoon vinegar OR 1 teaspoon white wine OR 1 teaspoon lemon juice

Lime zest

1 teaspoon

1 teaspoon lemon zest

Macadamia nuts

1 cup

1 cup almonds OR 1 cup hazelnuts

Mace

1 teaspoon

1 teaspoon nutmeg

Margarine

1 cup

1 cup shortening plus 1/2 teaspoon salt OR 1 cup butter OR 7/8 cup vegetable oil plus 1/2 teaspoon salt OR 7/8 cup lard plus 1/2 teaspoon salt

Mayonnaise

1 cup

1 cup sour cream OR 1 cup plain yogurt

Milk--whole

1 cup

1 cup soy milk OR 1 cup rice milk OR 1 cup water or juice OR 1/4 cup dry milk powder plus 1 cup water OR 2/3 cup evaporated milk plus 1/3 cup water

Mint--fresh

1/4 cup chopped

1 tablespoon dried mint leaves

Molasses

1 cup

Mix 3/4 cup brown sugar and 1 teaspoon cream of tartar

Mustard--prepared

1 tablespoon

Mix together 1 tablespoon dried mustard, 1 teaspoon water, 1 teaspoon vinegar and 1 teaspoon sugar

Onion

1 cup, chopped

1 cup chopped green onions OR 1 cup chopped shallots OR 1 cup chopped leeks OR 1/4 cup dried minced onion OR 1/4 cup onion powder

Orange juice

1 tablespoon

1 tablespoon other citrus juice

Orange zest

1 tablespoon

1/2 teaspoon orange extract OR 1 teaspoon lemon juice

Parmesan cheese

1/2 cup, grated

1/2 cup grated Asiago cheese OR 1/2 cup grated Romano cheese

Parsley

1 tablespoon chopped fresh

1 tablespoon chopped fresh chervil OR 1 teaspoon dried parsley

Pepperoni

1 ounce

1 ounce salami

Raisin

1 cup

1 cup dried currants OR 1 cup dried cranberries OR 1 cup chopped pitted prunes

Rice--white

1 cup, cooked

1 cup cooked barley OR 1 cup cooked bulgur OR 1 cup cooked brown or wild rice

Ricotta

1 cup

1 cup dry cottage cheese OR 1 cup silken tofu

Rum

1 tablespoon

1/2 teaspoon rum extract, plus enough water to make 1 tablespoon

Saffron

1/4 teaspoon

1/4 teaspoon turmeric

Salami

1 ounce

1 ounce pepperoni

Semisweet chocolate chips

1 cup

1 cup chocolate candies OR 1 cup peanut butter or other flavored chips OR 1 cup chopped nuts OR 1 cup chopped dried fruit

Shallots, chopped

1/2 cup

1/2 cup chopped onion, OR 1/2 cup chopped leek OR 1/2 cup chopped green onion

Shortening

1 cup

1 cup butter OR 1 cup margarine minus 1/2 teaspoon salt from recipe

Sour cream

1 cup

1 cup plain yogurt OR 1 tablespoon lemon juice or vinegar plus enough cream to make 1 cup OR 3/4 cup buttermilk mixed with 1/3 cup butter

Sour milk

1 cup

1 tablespoon vinegar or lemon juice mixed with enough milk to make 1 cup: Let stand 5 minutes to thicken

Soy sauce

1/2 cup

1/4 cup Worcestershire sauce mixed with 1 tablespoon water

Stock--beef or chicken

1 cup

1 cube beef or chicken bouillon dissolved in 1 cup water

Sweetened condensed milk

1 (14-ounce) can

3/4 cup white sugar mixed with 1/2 cup water and 1 1/8 cups dry powdered milk: Bring to a boil and cook, stirring frequently, until thickened, about 20 minutes

Vegetable oil--for baking

1 cup

1 cup applesauce OR 1 cup fruit puree

Vegetable oil--for frying

1 cup

1 cup lard OR 1 cup vegetable shortening

Vinegar

1 teaspoon

1 teaspoon lemon or lime juice OR 2 teaspoons white wine

White sugar

1 cup

1 cup brown sugar OR 1 1/4 cups confectioners' sugar OR 3/4 cup honey OR 3/4 cup corn syrup

Wine

1 cup

1 cup chicken or beef broth OR 1 cup fruit juice mixed with 2 teaspoons vinegar OR 1 cup water

Yeast-active dry

1 (.25-ounce) package

1 cake compressed yeast OR 2 1/2 teaspoons active dry yeast OR 2 1/2 teaspoonsrapid rise yeast

Yogurt

1 cup

1 cup sour cream OR 1 cup buttermilk OR 1 cup sour milk

Here's a quick, illustrated peek at some common baking ingredient substitutions. Don't have baking powder or unsalted butter? No worries. These ingenious substitutions will rescue you!

by Allrecipes


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